Continuing on from the previous two parts (Part 1 and Part 2), Part 3 will take a look at how Passage #3, āyāt 33-44, is organized as well as Passage #4, āyāt 45-47. Both passages appear to create their own separate rings.
Recall we ended Part 1 with mention of the 3 types of guidance:
From in Front - Lessons from the observable world
From Behind - Lessons from history
From Above - Lessons from the unseen
Passages #3 and #4 deal with lessons from the observable world.
Passage #3 - Lessons From the World Around Us (The Wall in Front)
The connections between the two corresponding sections can best be explained in the following graphic:
Both sections describe al-layl (the night) and an-nahār (the day), and in that order.
Both sections describe ash-shams (the sun) and al-qamr (the moon), and in that order.
Passage #4 - The Blind (The Covering)
This section can be paired with Section 3 because the most obvious guidance is the world in front of us. If we do not take the time to observe it, we are as good as blind.
Both sections begin with “wa idhā qīla la-hum (and when it is said to them)”. Section 4A is unique in that it has a reference to Section 3 (“what is before you”) and Section 2 (“what is behind you”). However, both sections converge on highlighting the crimes of the disbelievers. Section 4A mentions their lack of God-consciousness (“beware”) while Section 4A’ mentions their lack of care for humanity.
The disbelievers are heedless of the “signs of their Master”, with the Master representing what is above. They have resolved to deny all advice and miracles sent to them. They have become willfully blind by “turning away”.
واللَّهُ أَعلَم - And Allah knows best
Khan, Nouman. “Surah Yasin” YouTube, uploaded by Quran Weekly, July 25, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLHPW7nn9Wmb66OICiQfWwlSUU4rM1rY3D.